Implications of dispositional and process views of traits for individual difference research in leadership

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Implications of dispositional and process views of traits for individual difference research in leadership
The Leadership Quarterly

This article assesses the conceptual and methodological limitations associated with traditional dispositional approaches to personality and leadership and it proposes that more process-oriented approaches will better enable leadership research to explore emergent leadership phenomena such as perception and effectiveness. By reconceptualizing the structure of the self as a dynamic but stable entity we maintain that an explicit focus on events as a fundamental level of analysis is needed which will help reduce the inaccuracies of aggregate retrospective leadership measures that collapse across different situations and time. Event-level research methodologies can also help account for the effects that situational contingencies have on leader behavioral flexibility the development of leadership skills and leadership emergence within shared or distributive leadership structures.

Citation: 
The Leadership Quarterly 23 (2012) 651 – 669

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