The VIA Classiﬁcation characterizes six culturally deﬁned virtues as latent variables underlying 24 character strengths. Factor analyses of measures based on the Classiﬁcation usually suggest 4–5 factors that do not correspond well to traditional lists of virtues. This article describes the identiﬁcation of a three-virtue model across multiple measures of strengths in four samples encompassing 1,070,549 cases. The general pattern involved a ﬁrst component representing good character that split into two components reﬂecting Goodness and Inquisitiveness. The former divided further into components reﬂecting Caring and Self-Control. This pattern recurred in all data sets. The model consisting of Caring, Inquisitiveness, and Self-Control is proposed as a reliable latent structure for the VIA Classiﬁcation strengths, an intuitive classiﬁcation of traditional cultural virtues, and a framework for social efforts encouraging the development of virtue.
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