Know thy self know thy leader: Contributions of a pattern-oriented approach to examining leader perceptions

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Know thy self know thy leader: Contributions of a pattern-oriented approach to examining leader perceptions
The Leadership Quarterly

This study investigated how patterns of traits in self and ideal leader profiles were related to one another beyond the individual effects of each trait. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was used to identify and describe profiles of self leader and ideal leader perceptions. Four profiles for self leader perceptions (Prototypical Laissez-Faire Narcissistic Anti-Prototypical) and four profiles for ideal leader perceptions (Prototypical Laissez-Faire Autocratic Anti-Prototypical) were identified. Additional analyses examined the association between self and ideal leader profiles; gender leadership self efficacy and narcissism were added to the model as predictors of that association. Prototypical and Laissez-Faire self leaders tended to prefer an ideal leader who was similar to themselves whereas Narcissistic and Anti-Prototypical self leaders had more diffuse preferences in ideal leaders. Gender leadership self efficacy and narcissism were only associated with self leader profiles. Results support yet contribute beyond previous findings for the similarity hypothesis.

Citation: 
The Leadership Quarterly 23 (2012) 702 – 717

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