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Health & Wellness: What Science Can Tell Us About the Good Life

PowerPoint slides to compliment Dr. Robert J. Waldinger's keynote presentation at the 2017 Harvard Medical School Coaching in Leadership and Healthcare Conference.

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Overoptimism about future knowledge: Early arrogance?

Three studies explored whether young children (5–7 years) have more optimistic views of their future knowledge than older children (8–12 years) and adults. In Study 1, younger children were more likely than older children and adults to expect greater knowledge in both young and mature protagonists....

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Dispositional and induced optimism lead to attentional preference for faces displaying positive emotions: An eye-tracker study

The aim of this study was to examine whether dispositional optimism and induced optimism are associated with an attentional bias for positive stimuli. Fifty-six healthy participants performed an eye-tracking task twice, while their gazing time at faces displaying joy, anger, pain, or a neutral expression was measured....

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The motivational benefits of specific versus general optimism

This study addresses the question whether a specific work-related form of optimistic thinking has motivational consequences in terms of work engagement above and beyond general optimism over time. A specific form of optimistic thinking is focus on opportunities....

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On the confluence of optimism and hope on depressive symptoms in primary care patients: Does doubling up on bonum futurun Proffer any added benefits?

A model involving optimism and hope as predictors of depressive symptoms was tested in a sample of 28 male and 67 female primary care patients. Beyond the distinct influence of the two predictors on depressive symptoms optimism and hope were also hypothesized to interact together to predict depressive symptoms....

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Who is more proactive the optimist or the pessimist? Exploring the role of hope as a moderator.

This research tested the existence of a moderation role of hope on the effects of optimism and pessimism over proactive coping in a sample survey of 343 subjects. The results showed that optimism explained proactive coping independent of hope....

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