This research tested the existence of a moderation role of hope on the effects of optimism and pessimism over proactive coping in a sample survey of 343 subjects. The results showed that optimism explained proactive coping independent of hope. However hope appeared to moderate the relationship between pessimism and passive coping a criterion variable that emerged from the psychometric analysis of the proactive coping measure. Specifically for individuals low in pessimism being high or low in hope did not impact coping but for individuals high in pessimism having higher levels of hope reduced passive coping. A deeper analysis also indicated that this was particularly due to the moderating role of the pathways dimension of hope. We discuss these results in light of different adaptive strategies of optimists and pessimists and draw implications for psychological research and practice.
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